AVM Glossary of Terms

Ankle Foot Orthotic (AFO)A brace that supports the ankle and foot.
ApneaAn unexplained episode of cessation of breathing for 20 seconds or longer.
Aquatic TherapyTherapy provided in a warm pool to promote muscle relaxation and flexibility.
Arterial Ischemic Stroke (AIS)Brain injury caused by blockage of blood flow in an artery.
Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)Abnormal tangles of arteries and veins usually congenital.
Botulinum Toxin type AMost commonly called Botox used to reduce muscle stiffness and spasms.
Cerebral AngiogramA procedure that uses dye and x-rays to see how blood flows through the brain.
Cerebral Palsy (CP)Difficulty with physical movements caused by abnormality or injury to the brain at birth.
Cerebral Sinovenous Thrombosis (CSVT)A clot in a vein that blocks drainage of blood from the brain.
Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS)A speech disorder that makes it difficult to coordinate oral movements for speech.
Childhood StrokeStroke that occurs in children aged 28 days to 18 years.
Computed Tomography Scan (CT scan)A specialized procedure that creates high-resolution pictures of the body.
Congenital Heart Defect (CHD)Structural heart abnormalities present at birth.
Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT)Upper extremity rehabilitation for children with neuromotor impairments.
CraniectomyA surgery to remove part of the skull to relieve brain swelling.
Durable Medical Equipment (DME)Therapeutic devices for medical conditions e.g. leg braces or wheelchair.
Dynamic Ankle Foot Orthotic (DAFO)A brace that supports the ankle and foot.
DysarthriaA motor speech disorder caused by damaged speech muscles.
DyspraxiaDifficulty planning and carrying out skilled non-habitual motor acts.
Electrical Stimulation (E-Stim)Technique to elicit muscle contractions using electrical impulses.
Electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG)A non-invasive test that records the electrical activity of the heart.
Electroencephalogram (EEG)A study used to measure the electrical activity of the brain.
EpilepsyChronic medical condition causing temporary changes in brain's electrical function.
Expressive AphasiaA type of language difficulty with forming sentences.
HemiparesisMild loss of strength in a leg, arm, or face.
HemiplegiaSevere or complete paralysis on one side of the body.
HemispherectomyA surgical procedure to remove or disconnect part of the brain hemisphere.
Hemorrhagic StrokeCaused by a weakened vessel that ruptures and bleeds into the brain.
HydrocephalusAn abnormal buildup of fluid in the ventricles within the brain.
HypertoniaIncreased muscle tone resulting in stiffness.
HypotoniaDecreased muscle tone resulting in a floppy appearance.
Intracranial HemorrhageBleeding between the brain tissue and skull or within the brain tissue itself.
Knee Ankle Foot Orthotic (KAFO)A brace from thigh to foot to stabilize the knee, ankle, and foot.
Magnetic Resonance Arteriography (MRA)A non-invasive test to visualize arteries and blood flow.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)A process that creates high-quality pictures of the inside of the body.
Magnetic Resonance VenographyA non-invasive test to visualize veins and blood flow.
Mirror TherapyUses a mirror to create an illusion of an affected limb to trick the brain into movement.
Moyamoya DiseaseA rare neurological disorder involving narrowing of arteries supplying blood to the brain.
NeurostormingOccurs when the brain's ability to regulate the nervous system is damaged.
Occupational Therapy (OT)Evaluates and treats self-care, play, and school skills.
Physical Therapy (PT)Promotes independence, motor function, strength, and endurance.
Plasticity (Neuroplasticity)Brain's ability to reorganize connections and pathways.
PraxisThe ability to interact successfully with the physical environment and plan actions.
Receptive AphasiaA type of language difficulty with understanding language.
SeizuresChanges in the brain's electrical activity.
SpasticityA condition in which muscles stiffen and prevent normal movement.
Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP)Assesses and treats speech and language disorders.
Supra Malleolar Orthosis (SMO)A brace that supports the leg just above the ankle.
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)A non-invasive method to study the brain's electrical properties.
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)A temporary period of symptoms similar to those of a stroke.
UCBL.Also known as UCB, a shoe insert that was named after the laboratory where it was researched and developed (University of California Berkley Laboratories). It is used to stabilize a flexible foot deformity.
UltrasoundAn imaging method that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of structures within the body.
VasculitisSwelling of blood vessels in the body often caused by the immune system attacking the blood vessels.
☰ Menu
× Close Menu
My cart
Your cart is empty.

Looks like you haven't made a choice yet.